Thannamandi town is situated at 33.33 degree latitude and 74.25
longitudes, on the foot hill of Rattan Peer (8600') along the right bank of Thanna Nallah. This attractive
hill spot is about 24 kms. On the North side of
Rajouri Town. At present this town is a Tehsil Headquarter. Kashmiri Muslim
population is dominating the town. This place is mostly known for Chikhri wood handicrafts.
As per the Rajtringni of Juna Raja, which was written during the reign of Sultan Zain-Ul-Abadeen (1400-1470 AD), this place was known as Mudgravyala in the ancient time when this area was ruled
by Hindu kings of Rajouri. But Abdul Qasim in Tarikh-e-Frishta and Emperor
Jahangir in his Tuzak wrote the name of this place
as "Thatta". It appears that with the
passage of time, the name changed from Thatta to Thanna.
Thanna remained the place of great importance for traders of Kashmir and rest of India. This place was considered
as central place for Kashmiris as well as Punjabi
traders, because from here the high mountains of Panchal
Range start and it was not possible for Punjabi traders to cross these high
altitudes with their loaded horses and camels. On the other hand Kashmiri
traders were also unable to sell their handicrafts in the places of Punjab because they were not in a position to
accommodate themselves in hot climatic conditions prevailing there.
Therefore, the traders and businessmen of both the sides assembled at Thanna for the exchange of their goods and commodities
like Kashmari Shawls, loes,
wood carving works from one side and salt, tea and gur
from the other side. In these circumstances, this small village on the
foothills of Rattan Pir
developed as a Mandi (Bazaar) for traders
and businessmen of Punjab and Kashmir. Later on the word "Mandi"
was also attached with Thanna and the new name
emerged as Thannamandi.
Thannamandi is emerging as a growth centre and a
beautiful town. It is Tehsil Head Quarter. The old Sarai
of Mughal's period still exists. But now the
security forces to combat militancy in the area have occupied it. Three
temples of Dogra's period also exist in old Thanna area in deteriorating conditions. Some Idols of
ancient time are also lying in Kali
Temple, which has been
constructed recently. Apart from the chikhri
woodcraft the main importance of this place is due to the renowned shrine 'Shahdara Sharif' which
is six kms. from Thanna. A big complex along with educational centres and musafar khanas is under
construction at this place. The people from all over country come to this
scared place and offer prayers in the shrine. Keeping in view the religious
importance due to Shah Dara Sharif and attractive
natural scenic beauty of Thannamandi, this part can
be developed as tourist resort.